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Innovative Indication

In the early days, biomarkers were used primarily as physiological indicators for blood pressure or heart rate, as examples. A biomarker is an objective indication of a particular medical state observed from outside the patient, which can be measured accurately and reproducibly.

More recently, biomarkers, such as elevated prostate specific antigen, can be used as a molecular biomarker for prostate cancer or enzyme assays used as liver function tests. A biomarker is anything that can be used as an indicator of a disease state or some other physiological state of an organism.

According to Strimbu and Jorge, the use of biomarkers in basic and clinical research, as well as in clinical practice, has become so commonplace that their presence as primary endpoints in clinical trials is now accepted almost without question (1).

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Professor Christene Leiper attended Sydney University, RMIT Melbourne, and Bond University, Australia, and achieved a Professorship of Medicine and Life Sciences at Bond University in 2006. She also undertook research at Edinburgh University, Scotland, as part of her PhD. Christene has been a principal investigator for clinical trials, which enables her to operate across many disciplinary boundaries within clinical research in a coherent and productive manner. In 2007, she was appointed Director of Research at a Scottish CRO, which, in turn, led her to start her own CRO, Onorach, in 2009.
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Professor Christene Leiper
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